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        China Daily Vocabulary List ( Chinese-English)

        Updated March 24, 2002

        A/ "愛國者"導彈 Patriot missile/ AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch / A股市場 A share market / 《阿Q正傳》 The True Story of Ah Q / 奧委會 Olympic Committee/ 奧姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult / 澳門大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul / 矮子里拔將軍 choose a general from among the dwarfs--pick the best out of a mediocre bunch/ 艾滋病(獲得性免疫缺陷綜合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) / 愛麗舍宮 Elysée Palace/ 愛心工程` Loving Care Project/ 愛屋及烏 Love me, love my dog./ 愛鳥周 Bird-Loving Week/ 愛爾蘭共和軍 Irish Republic Army (IRA)/ 愛國民主人士 patriotic democratic personages/ 愛國統一戰線 patriotic united front/ 安理會 Security Council/ 安樂死 euthanasia/ 安全第一,預防為主 Safety first, precaution crucial./ 安全島 safety strip/ 安第斯集團峰會(拉美國家) Andean Summit/ 安居工程 Comfortable Housing Project / 按勞分配 distribution according to one's performance / 按成本要素計算的國民經濟總值 GNP at factor cost / 按揭貸款 mortgage loan / 按揭購房 to buy a house on mortgage; to mortgage a house / 按資排輩 to assign priority according to seniority/ 暗戀 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly / 暗箱操作 black case work
        B/ B to B (B2B) business to business / B to C (B2C) business to consumer / BP 機 beeper, pager/ B超 type-B ultrasonic/ 《北美自由貿易協定》 NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) / 《本草綱目》 Compendium of Materia Medica / 《伯爾尼公約》(有關保護文學和藝術作品版權的公約) Berne Convention / 《不見不散》 Be there or be square. / 搬遷戶 a relocated unit or household/ 半拉子工程 uncompleted project / 半脫產 a partial sabbatical from work/ 半邊天 half the sky/ 半成品 semi-manufactured goods; semi-finished products/ 半決賽 semifinals/ 巴黎證券交易所 Paris Bourse / 巴勒斯坦民族解放運動,簡稱 FATEH/ 幫倒忙 trying to help but causing more trouble in the process/ 拔河(游戲) tug-of-war / 巴解 the Palestinian Liberation Organization/ 把握大局 grasp the overall situation / 把關 guard a pass/ 棒球運動記者 scribe / 霸權主義 hegemonism/ 擺脫貧困 shake off poverty; lift oneself from poverty/ 百聞不如一見 Seeing is believing./ 百慕大三角 Burmuda Triangle/ 擺譜兒 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances / 擺花架子 a metaphor for presenting an attractive facade but in reality lacking substance/ 擺架子 put on airs / 包銷人 underwriter/ 拜年 pay New Year call / 拜把兄弟 sworn brothers / 包車 to charter a vehicle (bus, train car, etc.); a chartered vehicle/ 包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression) / 包房 to reserve rooms in a hotel or guest house for exclusive use/ 包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash / 包干到戶 work contracted to households / 包工包料 contract for labor and materials / 包購包銷 exclusive right to purchase and sell/ 包機 to charter a plane; a chartered plane/ 拜金主義 money worship/ 版權法 copyright law/ 版稅率 royalty rate/ 白馬王子 Prince Charming / 白領犯罪 white-collar crime/ 白領工人 white-collar worker/ 白手起家 starting from scratch / 白色行情表 white sheet / 白色污染 white pollution/ 白色農業 "white agriculture (also called ""white engineering agriculture""; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)" / 白色農業 white agriculture/ 白雪公主 Snow White / 白金漢宮 Buckingham Palace/ 傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags / 剝離不良資產 strip bad assets off/ 剝奪冠軍 strip the gold medal of somebody / 斑馬線 zebra stripes/ 便攜式電腦 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer / 貶值 devalue, devaluate, depreciate (of a currency)/ 便當 fast food / 標書 bidding documents / 比上不足,比下有余 "worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst" / 比基尼 bikini/ 比較經濟學 comparative economics/ 表面文章 lip service; surface formality/ 表演賽 demonstration match / 畢業生分配制度 assignment of graduates/ 表見代理 agency by estoppel/ 閉門羹 given cold-shoulder / 閉關政策 closed-door policy/ 閉卷 closed-book exam/ 冰雕 ice sculpture/ 冰毒 "ice, popular name for methamphetamine hydrochloride, a deadly addictive stimulant drug" / 避稅 evade tax/ 逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives / 變相漲價 disguised inflation / 變相漲價 disguised inflation/ 蹦迪 disco dancing/ 蹦極 bungee, bungee jumping / 薄利多銷 small profits but quick returns; small profits and good sales / 薄利多銷 small profit, large sale volume/ 保理業務 factoring business / 保齡球 bowling/ 保釋 on bail/ 保稅區 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area/ 保稅區 tax-protected zone/ 保稅倉庫 bonded warehouse/ 保質期 guarantee period/ 保證重點支出 ensure funding for priority areas / 保證金 margins, collateral / 保證金帳戶 margin account/ 保值利率 index-linked interest rate; inflation-proof interest rate/ 保值儲蓄 inflation-proof bank savings / 保持國民經濟發展的良好勢頭 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy / 保持國民經濟發展的良好勢頭 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy/ 保持國有股 keep the State-held shares / 保兌銀行 confirming bank/ 保護生態環境 preserve the ecological environment/ 保護傘 protective umbrella/ 保護主義 protectionism/ 保護關稅 protective duty/tariff/ 保護價格 protective price/ 保健食品 health-care food / 保健按摩 therapeutic massage/ 報銷 apply for reimbursement/ 報復性關稅 retaliatory duty/ 報國計劃的實施 implementation of Dedicator's Project / 報關員 declarant / 暴發戶 new rich; upstart (persons or households who suddenly became rich through unscrupulous means or unexpected opportunities)/ 爆冷門 produce an unexpected winner; a dark horse bobbing up/ 北約 NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization)/ 北歐投資銀行 Nordic Investment Bank / 背投屏幕 rear projection screen / 背黑鍋 to become a scapegoat/ 備件 spare parts / 被動吸煙 passive smoking; second-hand smoking/ 奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life / 本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches / 本壘打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip / 本票 cashier's cheque/ 本本主義 bookishness / 笨鳥先飛 A slow sparrow should make an early start. / 兵馬俑 terra-cotta figures; soldier and horse figures/ 邊緣知識人 Marginal intellectuals/ 邊緣科學 boundary science / 邊緣科學 borderline science/ 邊遠貧困地區 outlying poverty-stricken areas/ 邊際效益 marginal benefit/ 邊際薪酬 marginal salaries/ 邊際報酬 marginal return / 并網發電 combined to the grid/ 博士生 Ph.D candidate / 博士后 post-doctoral/ 博彩(業) lottery industry / 博導 tutor of a Ph.D. student/ 伯樂 a good judge of talent (a name of a legendary person in the state of Qin during the Spring and Autumn Period who excelled in evaluating horses)/ 補缺選舉 by-election / 補償貿易 compensatory trade/ 不買帳 not take it; not go for it/ 不良貸款 non-performing loan / 不眠之夜 white night / 不明飛行物 unidentified flying object (UFO)/ 不惹是非 Stay out of trouble.; Let sleeping dogs lie. / 不以物喜,不以己悲 not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses/ 不正之風 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency / 不正當競爭 unfair competition/ 不遺余力 spare no effort; go all out; do one's best/ 不夜城 "sleepless city, ever-bright city" / 不敗記錄 clean record, spotless record / 不承諾放棄使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force / 不打不成交 "No discord, no concord. " / 不到長城非好漢 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man. / 不分上下的總統選舉結果 the neck-and-neck presidential election result / 不管部部長 minister without portfolio/ 不懷惡意的謊言 white lie      / 不記名投票 secret ballot/ 不結盟運動 non-aligned movement/ 不可再生資源 non-renewable resources / 不可抗力 force majeure / 布雷頓森林體系 Bretton Woods system / 布達拉宮 Potala Palace / 步行天橋 pedestrian overpass/ 步行街 pedestrian street / 步步高升 Promoting to a higher position/ 部長級會議 ministerial meeting
        C/ 禪 dhyana / 重復建設 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects / 《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals / 擦網球 net ball / 擦邊球 "edge ball, touch ball" / 層層轉包和違法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting / 拆遷戶 households or units relocated due to building demolition / 拆東墻補西墻 rob Peter to pay Paul / 菜籃子工程 shopping basket program / 采取措施前 ex ante / 采取措施后 ex post / 采取高姿態 show magnanimity / 菜鳥,新手 green hand / 茶道 sado / 查房 make/go the rounds of the wards / 參政、議政 participate in the management of State affairs / 參拜靖國神社 visit to the Yasukuni war shrine/ 差額投票 differentail voting / 差額選舉 competitive election / 差額撥款 balance allocation / 參股者 equity participant / 參股公司 joint stock company / 攙水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value) / 產糧大省 granary province / 產權明晰、權責明確、政企分開、科學管理 "clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management " / 產權制度、產權關系 property relations; property order / 產銷直接掛鉤 directly link production with marketing / 產業的升級換代 upgrading of industies / 產業結構升級 upgrading of an industrial structure / 產品生命周期分析 LCA (Life Cycle Analysis) / 產品結構 product mix / 產品科技含量 technological element of a product / 草根工業 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass) / 財政收入 fiscal revenue / 倉儲式超市 stockroom-style supermarket / 沉沒成本 sunk cost/ 城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年專業人士,附庸風雅,矯揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比銀行存款bankification等擺闊作風,由middle-aged urban yuppie縮合而成) / 城市規劃 city's landscaping plan; urban planning / 城鄉信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas / 承銷商 underwriter / 承包 contract with / 成人中等?茖W校 secondary specialized /technical school for adults / 抽殺成功 hit through / 成本分攤 sharing costs/ 成份指數 component index / 成吉思汗 Genghis Khan / 成組技術 group technology / 籌備委員會 preparatory committee / 籌劃指導委員會 steering committee / 籌資 raised capital/proceeds / 癡迷者 addict/ 吃大鍋飯 "egalitarian practice of ""everybody eating from the same big pot"" " / 吃皇糧 "receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government" / 充值卡 rechargeable card / 出入平安 Safe trip wherever you go/ 出氣筒 punching bag / 出風頭 show off;in the limelight / 出家 pravrajana; cloister / 出口賣方信貸 seller's credit on exports / 出口退稅率 export rebate rate/ 出口退稅制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate / 出口押匯 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill / 出口創匯型產業 export-oriented industry / 出口創匯能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports / 出口加工區 export processing zones / 出口轉內銷 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports / 常務理事 executive member of the council/ 長途電話 distant calls/ 長線產品 product in excessive supply / 長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共 "long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe " / 長二捆 LM-2E / 長江三角洲 Yangtze River delta / 長江中下游 the middle and lower reaches of Changjiang River/ 敞蓬轎車 open-topped limousine / 暢通工程 Smooth Traffic Project / 唱高調 mouth high-sounding words / 超前消費 "pre-mature consumption, overconsuming, excessive consumption " / 超高速巨型計算機 giant ultra-high-speed computer / 炒作 speculation (stock); sensationalization (news) / 徹頭徹尾的反動政治勢力 an out and out reactionary political force / 塵云 dust clouds / 辭舊迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new / 此地無銀三百兩 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence. / 次新股 sub-new stock / 從粗放經濟轉變為集約經濟 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy / 促進全球經濟一體化 foster integration with the global economy / 磁懸浮列車 "Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train " / 存款保證金 guaranty money for deposits / 存款單 Certificates of Deposits / 存款準備金制度 reserve against deposit system / 粗放式管理 extensive management / 粗放經營 extensive operation / 傳銷 pyramid sales; multi-level marketing / 船務公司 shipping service company/ 窗口行業 various service trades / 創業園 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park / 創建衛生城市 build a nationally advanced clean city / 吹風會 (advanced) briefing / 春蕾計劃 Spring Buds Program / 春運 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival / 春運 passenger transport around the Chinese lunar new year
        D/ "東突"恐怖分子 East Turkistan terrorist/ "豆腐渣"工程 jerry-built project / (解決爭端)調查結果 findings / 答謝宴會 return banquet/ 達標活動 target hitting activities / 大滿貫 grand slam / 大力扣殺 hammer / 大路貨 staple goods / 大型電視系列片,長篇電視連續劇 maxi-series / 大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all / 大勝 white wash / 打順手 "find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove" / 大衛教 ranch Davidian / 大腕 top notch / 大學生創業 university students' innovative undertaking / 呆帳 dead account/ 大昭寺 Jokhang Temple. / 大要案 major and serious criminal cases / 大排檔 sidewalk snack booth; large stall / 打破僵局 break the deadlock / 打包貸款 packing credit (loan) / 打包兒 use doggy bags to take food home/ 大包干 all-round responsibility system / 打白條 issue IOU / 大病統籌 comprehensive arrangement for serious disease / 大藏經 Tripitaka / 打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering / 大轟動 blockbuster / 打假 crack down on counterfeit goods / 打假辦 Office of Cracking down on Fake Products / 大款 tycoon / 打口碟 cracked CD/ 大開眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener / 大專生 junior college student / 大專文憑 associate degree / 代職 function in an acting capacity / 待業 job-waiting / 待崗 "await job assignment, post-waiting" / 帶薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits / 帶薪假期 paid holiday/ 點球 penalty kick / 盜用公款 embezzlement / 德智體美勞 "all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics and labour education " / 盜版VCD pirated VCD / 盜打 (電話) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means / 點子公司 consultancy company / 電信運營商 telecom operators / 電視直銷 TV home shopping / 電視會議 video conference / 電腦迷 mouse potato / 電腦盲 computer illiterate/ 電話號碼升位 upgrade telephone number / 電話會議 teleconference / 電子商務認證 e-business certification / 鄧小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts / 等外品 "off-grade goods, rejects" / 低調 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach) / 吊球 drop shot / 吊銷執照 revoke license / 吊帶衫 sun-top/ 第三產業 tertiary industry; service sector / 第三代移動電話(3G手機) third generation mobile; 3G mobile / 第一雙打 first pair / 第一發球權 first inning / 第一發球員 first server / 第二上市 secondary listing / 第二產業 secondary industry / 墊付 "advancement, payment on account" / 抵免 offset / 單循環制 single round-robin system / 單邊主義 unilateralism / 單刀赴會 start a solo run / 黨群關系 Party-masses relationship / 黨政機關 Party and government organizations / 搗漿糊 give the runaround / 倒爺 profiteer / 倒票 speculative reselling of tickets / 倒春寒 unusually cold spell in an otherwise warm early spring / 倒計時 countdown / 地球村 global village / 地區差異 regional disparity / 地市級城市 prefecture-level city / 地熱資源 geothermal resources / 地方保護主義 regional protectionism / 地方財政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances / 獨立董事 independent director/ 獨立核算工業企業 independent accounting unit(enterprise) / 多媒體 multimedia / 多任務小衛星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS) / 獨生子女 the only child in one's family / 多頭賬戶 long account/ 多種經營 diversified economy/ 多黨合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power / 奪冠 take the crown / 多功能性(農業) multifunctionality / 端午節 the Dragon Boat Festival / 渡假外交 holiday-making diplomacy / 短期債務 floating debt / 短期放款 money at call and short notice / 斷交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man) / 對...毫無顧忌 make no bones about ... / 對外招商 attract foreign investment / 對沖基金 hedge fund / 隊長袖標(足球) skipper's armband / 對講機 talkie and walkie / 杜魯門主義 Truman Doctrine/ 釘子戶 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project / 定向培訓 training for specific posts / 東盟自由貿易區 ASEAN Free Trade Area / 東南亞國家聯盟 ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) / 動遷戶 households to be relocated / 動感 dynamic/ 毒梟 drug trafficker
        E/ (把…當成)耳旁風 Like water off (on) a duck's back / 鱷魚的眼淚 crocodile tears / 惡性通貨膨脹 hyperinflation / 惡性循環 vicious circle / 厄爾尼諾現象 El Nino phenomenon / 二流選手 "scrub, second-rater" / 二手房 second-hand house / 二元經濟 dual economy / 二板市場; 創業板市場 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board / 二次創業 start a new undertaking / 二級市場 secondary market / 二進宮 "to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)"
        F/ 汎士通輪胎 Firestone tires / 《浮士德》 Faust / (產品)分銷 "subunderwriting, distribution" / 封圣 "canonization of ""Saints""" / 封殺出局 force out / 防偽標志 anti-fake label / 訪談式競選 (候選人在電視訪談節目中亮相進行的競選) talk-show campaign / 封閉式基金 close-ended fund / 防抱死系統 ABS (anti-lock braking system) / 防盜門 burglarproof door; antitheft door / 防洪工程 flood-prevention project / 非商標(非專利)產品 generic products / 風險投資 venture capital; risk investment / 風險基金 VC funds / 風險準備金 loan loss provision, provisions of risk / 非配額產品 quota-free products / 非洲、加勒比和太平洋國家集團(洛美協定) ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific Group) / 非對稱數字用戶環路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL) / 飛毛腿(導彈) Scud missile / 飛行藥檢 spot check / 瘋牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform enceohalopathy (BSE) / 費改稅 transform administrative fees into taxes / 粉領族 "pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)" / 放行單 release permit / 放下架子 to relinguish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs / 放高球 lob / 鋒利扣殺 razor-sharp smash / 分流 reposition of redundant personnel / 分稅制 system of tax distribution / 分業經營 divided operation/ management / 分期付款 installment payment / 扶貧 poverty alleviation / 扶貧辦公室 Poverty Relief Office/ 分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market. / 發燒友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan / 發展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need. / 發展不平衡 disparate development / 發案率 incidence (of criminal cases) / 法律碩士 juris master (jm)/ 法人股 corporate shares / 法治國家 a country under the rule of law / 法制國家 a state with an adequate legal system / 翻兩番 quadruple / 反傾銷措施 anti-dumping measures against … / 反敗為勝 "bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire" / 反不正當競爭法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means / 反彈道導彈條約 Anti-ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM) / 反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government / 房權證 property right certificate / 房產證 property ownership certificate / 房產估價師 real estate evaluator / 房管 real estate management / 浮動工資 floating wages; fluctuating wages / 福利彩票 welfare lotteries / 福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system / 覆蓋率 coverage rate / 復式住宅 duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the storey building) / 復合型人才 inter-disciplinary talent / 附加意外險 supplemental accident insurance / 個人演唱會 solo concert/ (公路)隔離帶 median / (精通電腦和網絡的)高手 geek/ 皈依三寶 become a Buddhist
        G/ 《國際先驅論壇報》 International Herald Tribune / 感謝款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest) / 感到不妙 I smell a rat. / 干細胞 stem cell / 干部隊伍革命化、年輕化、知識化、專業化 " make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent " / 格列佛游記 Gulliver's Travels / 港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong / 港務局 port office; harbor authority / 崗位培訓 on-the-job training  / 港澳臺 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan / 根本政治制度 fundamental political system / 跟蹤審計 follow-up auditing / 更快、更高、更強 Citius, Altius, Fortius/ 改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market. / 個人收入應稅申報制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment / 個人所得稅 personal income tax/ 個人自掃門前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one's own potatoes / 個體工商戶 privately or individually-owned business/ 高清晰度 high definition / 高新技術產業開發區 high and new technology industrial development zone / 高手 master hand, expert/ 高原反應,高山反應 altitude stress; altitude sickness / 高難度動作 stunner, stunt / 高層次、全方位的對話 high-level and all-directional dialogue / 高產優質 high yield and high quality / 高等教育自學考試 self-study higher education examination/ 高度自治 high degree of autonomy / 高峰 peak time / 高峰論壇 summit (forum) / 高杠桿交易機構 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI) / 高官會 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) / 高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road / 高級商務師 Certified Business Executive / 高科技板塊 high-tech sector / 高考 (university) entrance examination / 各大菜系 major styles of cooking / 各就位 " ""On your marks!""" / 各盡所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability / 光通訊 photo-communication; optical communication / 廣域網 wide area network (WAN) / 光盤雜志 CD-ROM magazine / 廣播電視大學 radio and television university/ 廣告電話直銷 direct response advertising / 光谷 optical valley / 光機電一體化 "optical, mechanical and electronic integration" / 骨干企業 key enterprise / 股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market/ 股票期權 the stock option / 股本 share capital / 股本回報率 return on equity / 股本金 equity capital / 股份有限公司 limited liability company / 股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system / 歸國留學生 returned students / 歸口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments / 固定電話初裝費 installation fees for fixed-line telephones / 固定資產投資 investment in the fixed assets / 掛職 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit / 掛靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to / 掛靠戶 an adjunct organization/ 國民生產總值 gross national product (GNP) / 國民黨 Kuomintang / 國民經濟支柱產業 pillar industries in national economy / 國土局 Land and Resources Bureau / 國泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace/ 國有股 state-owned shares / 國有股減持 reduce state's stake in listed companies/ 國有資產流失 loss of state assets/ 國債投資 treasury bond investment / 國債專項資金 special fund for treasury bond / 國內生產總值 gross domestic product (GDP) / 國產化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components / 國防動員體制 the mobilization for national defense / 國際勞工組織 ILO (International Labor Organization) / 國際商業機器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM) / 國際日期變更線 International Date Line (IDL) / 國際收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment / 國際標準化組織 ISO (International Organization for Standardization) / 國際慣例 international common practice / 國際貨幣基金組織 IMF (International Monetary Fund) / 國際化戰略 internationalization strategy / 國際禁止化學武器組織 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)/ 國際足球聯盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)/ 國家體育總局 State Physical Culture Administration / 國家一級保護 first-grade State protection / 國家普通話水平考試 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua / 國家質量技術監督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision / 國家重點科技攻關項目 national key scientific and technological project / 國家環?偩 State Environmental Protection Administration / 國家級衛生城市 state-level hygiene city/ 國家經濟體制改革委員會 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems / 國家控股公司 state-controlling company / 國腳 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team / 國庫券 treasury bonds / 過失責任 liability of fault / 過失賠償責任;無過失賠償責任 liability with fault;liability without fault / 過山車 roller coaster/ 過猶不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little / 過度開墾 excess reclamation / 規模經濟 scale economy, economies of scale / 規避 circumvention / 工薪階層 salariat; state employee; salaried person / 工商局 industrial and commercial bureau / 工業園區 industrial park / 工業控制一體化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration / 工筆 traditional Chinese realistic painting/ 工程驗收 acceptance of work/ 工程公司 engineering company / 工資稅 payroll tax/ 功夫不負有心人 Everything comes to him who waits. / 恭喜發財 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity./ 公司分立與解散 separation and dissolution of a company / 公務員 civil servants / 公正、公平、公開 "just, fair and open" / 公益林 public welfare forest / 公證財產 notarize the properties / 公費醫療 medical services at state expense / 公告板服務 Bulletin Board Service (BBS) / 公積金 "public accumulation funds, public reserve funds" / 公檢法 " public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts" / 公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds / 公開喊價市場 open outcry markets / 共同富裕 common prosperity / 共產黨領導下的多黨合作與政治協商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party / 狗仔隊 "dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)" / 關稅壁壘 customs barrier; tariff wall / 尷尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass
        H/ (吃)皇糧 "public grainfunds, goods, etc provided by the government; salary paid by the state " / 《紅樓夢》 A Dream in Red Mansions (The Story of the Stone) / (農產品國內支持)"黃箱"措施 Amber Box measures / (北愛爾蘭)皇家警察部隊 Royal Ulster Constabulary/ 好了傷疤忘了疼 once on shore, one prays no more/ 好萊塢大片 Hollywood blockbuster / 好球 " ""Strike""" / 好事不出門,惡事傳千里 "Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide. " / 好出風頭的運動員 "exhibitionist, grandstander " / 豪賭 unrestrained gambling / 鴻門宴 Hongmen banquet--a feast or meeting set up as a trap for the invited / 核銷 cancel after verification / 核武器數量 Nuclear Arsenal Size / 宏觀調控 macro-control / 核軍火庫 nuclear arsenal / 合理引導消費 guide rational consumption / 紅帽子企業 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise) / 紅細胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO) / 合議庭 collegiate bench / 合業經營 combined operation/ management / 和平演變 peaceful evolution / 和平共處五項原則: 互相尊重領土完整和主權、互不侵犯、互不干涉內政、平等互利、和平共處 Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence/ 和氣生財 Harmony brings wealth/ 紅包 "(neutral)red paper containing money as a gift, (derogative) bribe, kickback " / 紅白喜事 wedding and funeral/ 紅籌股 red chips / 和服 Kimono / 紅股 bonus share / 呼啦圈 hu la hoop / 后臺管理 back-stage management / 河道整治 dredging waterway / 后防空虛 leave the defense exposed / 黑社會 Mafia-style organizations; gangland / 黑店 gangster inn / 黑客 hacker / 胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded) / 海量存儲 mass memory / 海協會 (ARATS) Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait / 海市蜃樓,鏡花水月,無稽之談 a mare’s nest / 海灣戰爭綜合癥 the complexities of the Gulf War / 海峽交流基金會(;鶗) Strait Exchange Foundation of (Taiwan, China)(SEF)/ 海關完稅價值 customs value / 寒帶 frigid zone/ 函授大學 correspondence university / 旱地滑雪場 mock skiing park / 漢字處理軟件 Chinese character processing software / 航向錯誤,奉行錯誤方向 on the wrong tack / 航母 aircraft carrier / 匯豐銀行 Hong Kong and Shang Hai Banking Corporation / 火炬計劃 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology) / 婚外戀 extramarital love / 婚介所 matrimonial agency / 混業經營 mixed operation/ management / 活到老,學到老 One is never too old to learn. / 混合型卷煙 blended type cigarette / 灰色區域措施 Grey area measures / 灰色收入 gray income / 揮棒 swing / 揮棒不中 fan / 貨幣留成制度 currency retention scheme / 貨幣化 monetization / 貨幣回籠 withdrawal of currency from circulation / 貨到付款 cash on delivery / 黃、賭、毒 "pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking " / 黃金時段 prime time / 虎父無犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg. / 護身法寶 amulet / 互動廣告 interactive advertisement / 戶主 head of a household / 戶口簿 residence booklet / 戶口管理制度 "domicile system, residence registration system " / 花樣游泳 water ballet / 花旗銀行 National City Bank of New York / 華表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele / 華蓋 canopy / 滑板車 scooter / 壞球 Ball / 壞帳 bad account/ 環太平洋地區 Pacific Rim / 環保型技術 EST(Environmentally-sound technology) / 還俗 "resume secular life, unfrock" / 換手率 turnover rate / 換屆選舉 election at expiration of office terms
        J/ (日本銀行主持的)季度短觀調查報告 Tankan survey/ 基因突變 genetic mutation / 基因工程 genetic engineering / 基本路線要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come. / 基本國情 fundamental realities of the country / 基層民主 democracy at the grassroots level / 基層組織 organizations at the grass-roots level / 機場建設費 airport construction fee / 基礎設施 infrastructure construction / 基礎稅率 base tariff level / 機電產品 mechanical and electrical products / 基地組織 al-Qaeda group/ 機構投資者 institutional investor / 機構臃腫 overstaffing in organizations (government) / 積壓產品 overstocked commodities (inventories) / 堅持統一,反對分裂,增加了解,化解歧見 "persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences " / 尖端產品 highly sophisticated products / 監督部門 watchdog / 記者席 press box / 記者招待會 press conference / 既往不咎,忘掉舊嫌 let bygones be bygones / 既成事實 fait accompli (noun) / 嘉賓 "distinguished guest, honored guest" / 加密 encrypt / 加強輿論監督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion / 減速玻璃(汽車) decelerating glass / 加權平均值 weighted average / 家庭聯產承包責任制 the household contract responsibility system / 減員增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency / 加班 work extra shifts / 剪彩 cut the ribbon / 剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ... / 減負 alleviate burdens on sb. / 加快市場步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization / 家族企業 family firm / 假冒偽劣產品 counterfeit and shoddy products / 假小子 tomboy/ 假釋 parole/ 假日經濟 holiday economy / 假唱 lip-synch / 假動作 "deception, feint" / 價格聽證會 public price hearings / 價格浮動范圍 price-float range / 計算機中央處理器 central processing unit(CPU) / 計劃生育責任制 responsibility system of family planning / 計劃單列市 city specifically designated in the state plan / 激烈競爭 cut-throat competition / 績優股 blue chip / 緝私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling / 緝毒隊 narcotics squad / 吉祥如意 Everything goes well/ 吉祥物 mascot / 吉尼斯世界記錄 Guinness (Book of Records) / 極限運動 maximal exercise; X-game/ 集束炸彈 cluster bomb/ 集束炸彈 cluster bomb/ 集體婚禮 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding / 集約經營 intensive operation / 集中精力把經濟建設搞上去 go all out for economic development / 集資房 houses built on the funds collected by the buyers / 技術密集產品 technology-intensive product / 技術下鄉 spread technological knowledge to farmers / 技術產權交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange / 技術攻關 strive to make technological breakthrough/ 技術交底 technical disclosure/ 技工貿結合的科技型企業 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development / 甲A足球隊 Division A soccer team/ 甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions/ 解困基金 anti-poverty funds / 結售匯制度 "the system of exchange, settlement and sales " / 解放生產力 emancipate the productive forces / 解放思想、實事求是的思想路線 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts / 金融危機 financial crisis / 金融電子化 computerize financial services / 金融工具 financial instruments / 金融自由化 financial liberalization/ 金稅工程 Golden Tax Project / 金無足赤,人無完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect. / 金玉滿堂 Treasures fill the home/ 金本位 gold standard / 金邊債券 gilt-edged bonds / 金剛經 Vajracchedika-sutra / 金降落傘 golden parachute / 教書育人 impart knowledge and educate people / 教務處 dean's office/ 教學法 pedagogy; teaching method / 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education / 緊密型企業集團 tightly-knit groups of enterprises / 緊箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase / 接口 interface / 緊追 "cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail" / 禁漁期 closed fishing seasons / 禁止在任何地方、任何環境進行一切方式的釋放核能的核武器試驗保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment / 節奏布魯斯音樂(RMB音樂) rhythm blues / 近水樓臺先得月 "First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position." / 近海漁業 offshore fishery / 腳踏實地 be down-to-earth / 腳踩兩只船 sit on the fence / 僥幸球 fluke / 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center / 戒急用忍 "overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient " / 街心花園 park at an intersection; garden in the city center / 街道企業 neighborhood enterprise / 漸近尾聲 draw to a close/ 建/平倉 open/close a position / 江南水鄉 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River / 講誠信,反欺詐: honor credibility and oppose cheating / 降落傘候選人,外來候選人(應召而來參加本人非所在地區競選的政黨候選人) parachute candidate / 降息 reduction of interest / 焦土政策 “Scorched Earth” plan/ 交鑰匙工程 turn-key project / 交叉報復 cross retaliation / 階梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom / 進修班 class for further studies / 進項稅 input tax/ 進出口商會 chamber of import and export trade / 進口滲透 import penetration / 進口差價稅 import variable duties / 進口附加稅 import surcharge / 糾風辦 State Council Office for Rectifying / 就業前培訓  pre-job training  / 居委會 neighborhood committee; residents' committee / 舉辦城市 host city/ 舉報電話 informants' hot-line telephone / 舉杯 propose a toast / 拒載 refuse to take passengers / 君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green / 九五攻關 State Key Task 95 / 局域網 local area network (LAN) / 決策性機構 policy-making body / 勁射 power shot / 京劇人物臉譜 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera / 京劇票友 Peking Opera fan / 精神文明建設 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics / 精品 competitive products / 精簡機構 streamline government organs / 經營管理高度科學化的現代化大企業 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system / 經常性支出 running expenses / 經常性貸款 commercial lending / 經常項目順差 "favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account" / 經濟林 cash tree / 經濟師 economic engineer; economic manager; economist / 經濟失調指數 misery index / 經濟全球化 economic globalization; economic integration / 經濟頭腦 commercially minded people; people with business sense / 經濟擔保書 financial guarantee/ 經濟復蘇 economic resurgence/ 經濟和技術合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation) / 經濟總量 economic aggregate / 景泰藍 cloisonné / 境外消費(服務貿易) consumption abroad / 敬老院 home for the aged; seniors' home/ 敬業精神 professional dedication; professional ethics / 靖國神社 Yasukuni Shrine/ 具有中國特色的 with Chinese characteristics / 竣工式 completion ceremony / 困難職工 the needy
        K/ (補貼協議)可訴補貼 actionable subsidy / 會計電算化 accounting computerization/ 跨世紀工程 a trans-century project / 跨越式發展 great-leap-forward development / 跨境交付(服務貿易) cross border supply / 可持續發展 sustainable development / 可持續發展戰略 strategy of sustainable development / 可轉換債券 convertible bond / 刻錄機 CD writer; disc-carving machine / 快速立法 fast track/ 快速反應部隊 rapid response force / 寬限期 grace period / 快訊 news flash; flash / 寬帶網 broadband networks / 寬帶接入 broadband access / 空頭支票 "accommodation note, lip service " / 空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess / 扣帽子 put a label on / 口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease / 口頭禪 pet phrase/ 科研攻關 scientific research and tackle the key research project / 科技是第一生產力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. / 科技成果轉化為生產力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements / 科技含量 technology content / 科教興國 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation / 卡丁車 kart / 開門紅      to begin well,to make a good start/ 開小灶 give special favor / 開題報告 opening speech; opening report / 開夜車 burn the midnight oil; work over night / 開標 bid opening / 開放式基金 open-ended fund / 開發一代,儲存一代,預研一代 (產品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products / 開發公司 development company / 開工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity / 開工典禮 commencement ceremony / 開后門 under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means / 坎兒井 karez / 看守政府,看守內閣,過渡政府 caretaker cabinet / 看跌/看漲期權 put / call option / 康乃馨 carnation / 抗美援朝戰爭 War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea / 抗震棚 quake-proof shelter / 考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools / 考研熱 the craze for graduate school / 烤煙型卷煙 Virginian-type cigarette / 控股公司 "holding company, controlling company" / 虧損企業 enterprises running in the red/under deficit
        L/ (行業中的)龍頭老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry / 旅行結婚 have a honeymoon trip / 零配件 spare and accessory parts / 零和博奕 zero-sum game; zero game / 裸機 bare mobile phone / 旅客列車票價 price of passenger train tickets / 離退辦 office for the affairs of the retired workers / 籬笆墻 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading / 另類音樂,非正統音樂 alternative music / 理論聯系實際 linking theory with practice/ 老少邊窮地區 "former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas " / 老生常談,陳詞濫調 cut and dried, cliché / 綠色食品 green food / 綠色奧運,科技奧運,人文奧運 green, high-tech and people friendly Olympic Games/ 綠色急救通道 emergency green path / 領頭羊 bellwether / 老油條 wily old bird; old slicker / 綠地覆蓋率 forest coverage rate / 勞動合同制 labor contract system / 理貨公司 tally company / 綠化 afforestation / 老字號 an old and famous shop or enterprise / 禮尚往來 Courtesy calls for reciprocity. / 禮儀小姐 ritual girl / 亂收費、亂攤派、亂罰款 "arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines" / 獵頭公司 head-hunting company / 留學咨詢 consulting on the study abroad / 留職停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary / 留得青山在,不怕沒柴燒 "Where there is life, there is hope." / 劣等品 shoddy goods; substandard goods; lemon (informal) / 亂集資、亂攤派、亂收費 "unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises " / 臨時主教練 caretaker coach / 論文答辯 (thesis) oral defense / 龍頭產品 flagship product / 六藝:禮、樂、射、御、書、數 "six classical arts: rites, music, archery, riding, writing, arithmetic" / 利改稅 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery / 利好因素 wrinkle / 利基 niche / 輪值主席 chairman on duty / 立體農業 three-dimensional agriculture / 聯想集團 Legend Group / 聯產承包責任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output / 聯合聯絡小組 joint liaison group / 聯合投標 syndicated tender / 聯合國糧農組織 FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) / 聯合國會費 the UN membership dues (fee) / 聯合國環境署 UNEP (United Nations Environment Program) / 聯合國開發計劃署 UNDP (United Nations Development Program) / 聯合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises / 連續抽煙的人 chain smoker / 連帶責任 joint liability / 垃圾融資 junk financing / 垃圾債券 junk bond / 拉拉隊 cheering squad / 拉拉隊長 "cheer-leader, rooter king" / 拉選票 seek a vote / 拉尼娜現象 La Nina phenomenon / 拉動經濟增長 fuel economic growth / 拉關系 try to curry favor with / 廉政、勤政、務實、高效政府 "an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government " / 廉政公署 Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC)/ 廉政建設 construction of a clean and honest administration / 廉潔奉公,以正治國 " (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness " / 來料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing / 來電顯示電話機 caller ID telephone / 藍牙技術 bluetooth / 藍籌股 blue chips / 藍光光盤 Blu-ray Disc/ 練攤 to be a vendor / 路演 road show / 糧食收購部門 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies / 糧油關系 grain and oil rationing registration / 良性循環 virtuous circle / 錄取通知書 letter of admission/ 錄取分數線 enrollment mark/ 兩手抓兩手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup. / 兩手抓,兩手都要硬 grasp both links at the same time and attach sufficient importance to both/ 兩思(致富思源,富而思進) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence / 兩院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering / 兩岸直航促進會 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation / 兩彈一艇 "A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine" / 兩個文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress / 兩個對等的政治實體 two equal political entities / 流星雨 meteor shower/ 流動人口 transient population / 流動圖書館 travelling library; bookmobile / 《論語》 Analects of Confucius / 《聊齋志異》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio
        M/ 美聲唱法 bel canto / 免稅商品 tax-free commodities / 美食節 gourmet festival / 免驗放行 pass without examination (P.W.E)/ 免費搭車者(享受其他國家最惠國待遇而不進行相應減讓的國家) free-rider / 美國之音 Voice of America (VOA)/ 滅絕的物種 extinct species/ 瑪雅文化 Mayan civilization / 碼分多址 (一種擴頻多址數字式通信技術) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access)/ 蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt / 蒙古大夫 quack / 馬拉松式競選活動 campaignathon / 馬路菜場入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors / 馬太效應 "the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. ) " / 馬到成功 achieve immediate victory; win instant success/ 馬爾薩斯人口論 Malthusian Theory of Population; Malthusianism (Thomas Robert Malthus, 1766-1834, British economist)/ 孟子 Mencius / 民事訴訟 civil procedure/ 民以食為天 people regard food as their prime want; food the first necessity of man/ 民營企業 individually-run enterprises/ 民主黨派、工商聯與無黨派人士 "non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation " / 民主監督 democratic supervision/ 民主集中制 democratic centralism/ 民辦教師 citizen-managed teachers (teachers in rural citizen-managed or state-managed schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government) / 民法通則 general provisions of the civil law/ 民工 migrant laborer / 民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities / 民間資本 private capital/ 民進黨 Democratic Progressive Party / 民族區域自治 regional autonomy of ethnic minorities/ 民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture / 民族委員會 ethnic affairs commission / 民族意識 national consciousness/ 民族優越感 ethnocentrism/ 民族凝聚力 national cohesion / 買一送一 "two-for-one offer, buy one get one free" / 迷彩服 battle fatigues; camouflage coat / 買方市場 buyer's market/ 買殼上市 go public through buying a shell / 麥克馬洪線 McMahon Line/ 買空賣空 bulls and bears; fictitious transaction/ 名利雙收 gain in both fame and wealth/ 滿意度 degree of satisfaction / 名優 famous actor; famous high quality brand/ 慢性蕭條 chronic depression  / 門羅主義 Monroe Doctrine/ 門前三包 "be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building " / 門戶網站 portals / 門戶開放政策 open-door policy/ 面向21世紀的中美建設性伙伴關系 a constructive, strategic partnership between China and the United Stated aimed at the next century/ 盲流和倒流人員 transient from the countryside / 盲目投資 blindness in investment/ 茅塞頓開 be suddenly enlightened/ 矛盾的普遍性 universality of contradictions/ 冒充包裝(銷售)[指將劣質商品包裝成外觀像名優產品出售的做法] copycat packaging / 帽子戲法 hat trick / 貿易順差 favorable balance; trade surplus / 貿易與發展委員會 Committee on Trade and Development / 貿易逆差 adverse balance of trade; trade deficit / 貿易壁壘 trade protectionism/ 貿易和投資自由化和便利化 TILF (Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation) / 貿易自由化 trade liberalization/ 沒有規矩不成方圓 Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards./ 每逢佳節倍思親 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most. / 米袋子省長負責制 provincial governors assuming responsibility fofr the rice bag (grain supply)/ 明明白白消費(2000年保護消費者權益工作主題) transparent consumption / 朦朧詩 misty poetry / 睦鄰友好關系(合作) good-neighborly and friendly relations (cooperation)/ 穆斯林 Muslim; Moslem/ 模擬測試 mock test; simulated exam / 模糊邏輯 fuzzy logic/ 模糊戰略(美國在臺灣問題上奉行的政策) indistinct strategy/ 磨洋工 dawdle along / 摩門教 Mormon Church (the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)/ 末位淘汰 (under the new personnel system) the person graded last in the performance evaluation will be laid off from his position/ 莫失良機 make hay while the sun shines / 謀事在人,成事在天 "The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. / Man proposes, God disposes. " / 母系氏族社會 matriarchal clan society/ 幕后操縱 pull strings behind the scenes; wire-pulling/ 目標管理 management by objectives / 目標管理 management by objectives; quota management
        N/ 扭轉局面 "reverse the tide, turn the table" / 農林間作 agro-forestry/ 農藥殘留 pesticide residue/ 農藥殘留物 pesticide residue/ 農業生態學 agricultural ecology/ 農業增加值 added value of agriculture/ 農奴制 serfdom; serf system/ 農產品的統購派購 unified purchasing of farm produce by the state according to fixed quotes/ 農村剩余勞動力 surplus rural labour (labourers) / 農工商聯合企業 agro-industrial-commercial combines / 農墾 agricultural reclamation/ 農轉非 rural residents become urban residents/ 弄巧成拙 be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself./ 女權運動 movement for women's rights/ 暖溫帶 warm temperate zone/ 諾亞方舟 Noah’s Ark / 拿手好戲 masterpiece/ 泥石流 mud-rock flow/ 泥菩薩 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival / 尼姆達(病毒) Nimda / 男權主義思想 male chauvinism / 男高音演唱家 tenorist / 年利潤 annual return/ 納米 nanometer / 納稅人 tax payer; tax bearer/ 納稅申報制度 tax declaration system / 納斯達克 National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) / 年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis / 年夜飯 family reunion dinner / 南水北調 South-to-North water diversion / 南水北調工程 divert water from the south to the north project / 耐用消費品 durable consumer items (goods) / 耐用消費品 durable consumer goods, consumer durables/ 南南合作 South-South cooperation/ 南北對話 North-South dialogue/ 難得糊涂 "Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise." / 囊括 complete a sweep / 內聯網(計算機) Intranet/ 內聯企業 enterprises with internal connections / 內退 early retirement/ 涅磐(佛) nirvana/ 內耗 in-fighting / 內環路 inner ring road / 能上網的手機 WAP phone / 能官能民 be ready to both serve as an offical and be one of the common people / 能進能出,能上能下 competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots / 能進能出,能上能下,方謂好漢 He who knows how to fight and how to retreat deserves to be called a brave man. / 鬧情緒 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique
        O/ 歐亞大陸橋 Eurasia Land Bridge/ 歐元 Euro/ 歐元 Euro/ 歐洲委員會 European Commission / 歐洲共同體 European Communities (EC)/ 歐洲貨幣 Euro-currency/ 歐洲貨幣一體化 European monetary integration/ 歐洲自由貿易聯盟 EFTA (European Free Trade Association) / 偶像 idol
        P/ 賠了夫人又折兵, 花錢填無底洞 throw good money after bad/ 帕金森癥 parkinsonism / 派出所 local police station / 潘多拉魔盒 Pandora's box/ 盤點 stock count; take stock of/ 盤活存量資產 liquidize remnant assets / 棚戶 shacks; family that live in shacks / 批發市場 wholesale market/ 跑龍套 "utility man, play a bit role, general handyman" / 泡妞 chase after the girls / 泡沫經濟 bubble economy / 排外主義 exclusivism / 排華政策 policy of discrimination against the Chinese/ 配套政策 supporting policies / 配股 allotment of shares;rationed shares / 配件 accessories / 碰頭會 "brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.) " / 碰一鼻子灰 be sent off with a flea in one's ear; be snubbedd; get a rebuff/ 碰釘子 get snubbed / 拋磚引玉 a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions; throw a sprat to catch a whale/ 潑冷水 pour cold wate on the enthusiasm of; dampen the spirit of; throw a wet blanket over/ 潑水節 Water-Sprinkling Festival/ 評頭論足 nit-pick / 評標 bidding evaluation / 撲網(體) "rush-up, rushing" / 鋪新攤子 launch new projects/ 普通高等教育 regular higher education/ 普選制 general election system / 普遍優惠制 generalized preferential system; general system of preferences/ 破釜沉舟 cut off all means of retreat; burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end/ 啤酒肚 beer belly / 疲軟股票 soft stock / 皮包公司 bogus company / 片面追求升學率 place undue emphasis on the proportion of students entering schools of a higher level/ 騙匯、逃匯、套匯 "obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage " / 票販子 "scalper, ticket tout" / 票房 box office / 拼圖 jigsaw / 貧鈾彈 depleted uranium bomb / 貧富懸殊 polarization of rich and poor / 平面設計師 graphic designer / 平時不燒香,臨時抱佛腳 "never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress" / 平穩過渡 smooth transition/ 平抑(穩定)物價 stabilize commodity prices/ 平等、互利、互相尊重主權和領土完整 equality,mutual benefit, mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity/ 平等互利原則 principle of equality and mutual benefit/ 平等互利、講求實效、形式多樣、共同發展的方針 pursuing practical results, adopting various waysand seeking common development/ the principle of equality, mutual benefit, efficiency, diversity andmutual development / 平衡預算 balance a budget; a balanced budget/ 平均主義 equalitarianism / 瓶頸制約 “bottleneck”restrictions / 白皮書 white paper
        Q/ 青少年犯罪 juvenile deliquency/ 輕水反應堆 light water reactor( LWR)/ 傾銷 dump; dumping/ 搶跑 "false start, beat the gun" / 敲竹杠 make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick / 青藏高原 Qinghai-Tibet Plateau/ 搶得先機 take the preemptive opportunities / 氫彈 hydrogen bomb/ 輕軌火車 light rail train / 搶購 panic buying/ 切入點 point of penetration; breakthrough point / 情商 emotion quotient (EQ)/ 僑務 affairs concerning nationals residing abroad / 情有獨鐘 show special preference (favor) to … / 僑胞 countrymen residing abroad / 情感消費 emotional consumption / 巧婦難為無米之炊 If you have no hand you can't make a fist./ One can't make bricks without straw./ 翹尾巴 be cocky; get stuck-up/ 欽差大臣 imperial envoy; imperial commissioner/ 求大同,存小異 seek common ground on major question while reserving differences on minor ones/ 勤政廉政建設 keep government functionaries honest and industrious/ 勤工儉學 part-work and part-study system; work-study program / 禽流感 bird flu / 屈體 "jackknife, pike" / 清明節 Pure Bright Festival; Tomb Sweeping Day / 清算/結算 clearing /settlement / 清算銀行 clearing bank / 清算公司 clearing corporation; liquidation company/ 清產核資 asset and capital verification / 清潔能源 clean energy/ 侵吞公款 embezzle public funds/ embezzlement of public funds/ 洽談會 "fair, meeting" / 牽頭人 initiator/ 千里之行始于足下 a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is to be gained step by step/ 千禧嬰兒 millennium infant; millennium baby / 千年問題、千年蟲 millennium bug / 千代田壽險公司(日本) Chiyoda Mutual Life Insurance Co. / 簽約儀式 signing ceremony/ 錢袋子 fund sources/ 前事不忘,后事之師 Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future./ 前人栽樹,后人乘涼 One generation plants the trees in whose shade another generation rests./ One sows and another reaps./ 前瞻性 perspectiveness/ 前怕狼,后怕虎 fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind/ hesitate in doing something/ 欠收(農業) crop failure/ 強龍難壓地頭蛇 Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snake in its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect local bullies. / 強力球(美國的全國性彩票) powerball/ 強強聯手 win-win co-operation/ 強權外交 power diplomacy/ 強化班 intensive training class / 親民黨 People First Party / 區位商業 location-based commerce / 區域經濟 regional economies/ 取消禁運 lifting of embargo/ 圈外人士 people out of the loop / 權力下放 delegate power to the lower levels; shift of power to the grassroots/ 權力法案 Bill of Rights/ 權益回報率 returns on equity (ROE)/ 權貴資本主義(又譯裙帶資本主義或親朋好友資本主義) crony capitalism / 全民健身計劃綱要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan / 全面實施以德育為核心、以創新精神和實踐能力為重點的素質教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice / 全面禁止和徹底銷毀核武器 complete prohibition and thorough destruction nuclear weapons/ 全球移動通信系統(全球通) global system for mobile communications (GSM) / 全球變暖 global warming/ 全球多邊貿易體系 global system of multilateral trade/ 全球定位系統 global positioning system (GPS) / 全天候 24-hour (service)/ 全天候飛機 all-weatehr aircraft / 全優工程 all-round excellent project / 全能冠軍 all-around winner / 全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy / 全方位、多層次、寬領域的對外開放格局 all-dimensional, multitiered and wide-ranging opening pattern/ 全國人民代表大會 NPC (National People's Congress)/ 全國人口普查 nationwide census/ 全國衛生城市 National Hygienic City / 全景電影 cinepanoramic / 全資企業 exclusively-invested enterprises/ 拳頭產品 competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster / 券商 securities trader / 裙帶風 nepotism; petticoat influence / 裙帶關系 networking through petticoat influence / 群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely / 起跑器 block / 旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao / 騎警 horseback police / 企業形象 corporate image(CI)/ enterprise image/ 企業效益 performance of enterprises/ 企業上市 listing of a company/ 企業文化 corporate culture / 企業重組 reshuffle of the enterprises / 企業產權 property rights of enterprises/ 企業的自我約束機制 self-regulating mechanism of enterprises / 企業孵化器 enterprise incubator / 企業改制 restructuring of enterprise / 企業兼并重組 annexation and reorganization of enterprises/ 企業集團 enterprise group/ 啟動基金 initial funding/ 啟發式教學 heuristic education / 欺行霸市價格 forced quotation/ 期末存貨 closing stock / 期初存貨 opening stock / 期房 forward delivery housing / 期貨對沖交易 offsetting futures transactions/ 期貨交易 deal in futures; futures business/trading; forward business
        R/ 讓利 surrender part of the profits/ 瑞雪兆豐年 A timely snow promises a good harvest./ 人類免疫缺陷病毒 Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) / 人類基因圖譜 human genome/ 人情債 debt of gratitude / 人性化管理 human-based management/ 人身意外保險 personal accident insurance / 人身攻擊 personal attack/ 人壽保險 life insurance/ 入水時水花很少 clean entry / 熱污染 thermal pollution/ 人頭稅 poll tax/ 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good./ 人才流失 brain drain / 人才戰 competition for talented people/ 人才高地 talent highland/ 人才交流 talents exchange/ 人大代表 NPC member/ 熱帶雨林 tropical rain forest/ 熱帶風暴 Tropical Storm / 熱島效應 tropical island effect / 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man./ 人浮于事 overstaffing / 人浮于事 overstaff/ 人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI) / 熱核彈頭 thermonuclear warhead/ 人海戰術 huge-crowd strategy / 人機交互 human-computer interaction / 人際交往 human communication / 人均住房 per-capita housing / 入境問俗,入鄉隨俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do./ 人口老齡化 an aging population / 人口素質 quality of population/ 人口學 larithmics/ 人口出生率 birth rate/ 人口負增長 negative population growth (NPG) / 人口過剩 overpopulation/ 軟新聞 soft news / 任意球 free kick / 軟盤 floppy disk/ 認股權證 warrant / 軟著陸 soft landing / 弱肉強食法則 law of the jungle/ 日本協力銀行 Japan Bank For International Cooperation (JBIC) / 日本右翼勢力 right-wing forces in Japan/ 日本廣播協會 NHK/ 日經指數 Nikkei Index/ 榮譽權 right of fame/ 融資渠道 financing channels / 繞圈子 beat around the bush / 燃油附加稅 bunker surcharge / 染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon
        S/ (西方的)三權分立 separation of executive, legislative, and judicial powers/ (企業集團的)松散層 loose level (of an enterprise group) / 360度環幕電影 Circamara / <<史記>> Shi Ji/ Historical Records / 舍利子 Buddha's relics/ 世上無難事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. " / 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world; / 死亡率 mortality/ 酸雨 acid rain / 死帳 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan / 事業單位 public institution / 攝政王 acting king; prince regent/ 樞紐工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project/ 閃電戰 blitz; lightning war/ 死而后已 until my heart stops beating/ 死機 system halted / 世界大學生運動會(大運會) universiade / 世界觀、人生觀、價值觀 world outlook; outlook on life; values / 社論 editorial / 社區服務 community services/ 社會名流 celebrity/ 社會力量辦學 running of schools by non-governmental sectors/ 社會效益 social effect /results /benefit / 社會熱點問題 hot spots of society / 社會治安情況 public security situation / 社會主義市場經濟 socialist market economy/ 社會主義精神文明建設 socialist ideological and ethical progress/ 社會保障制度 social security system / 社會福利彩票 social welfare lotteries/ 社會化服務體系 socialized service system; social service system/ 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio / 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering/ 市值 market capitalization / 市場營銷學 marketing/ 市場占有率 market share/ 市場疲軟 sluggish market / 市場飽和 market saturation; saturated market/ 市場化 marketization / 市場準入 market access / 市話 local calls/ 適齡兒童入學率 enrolment rate for children of school age/ 歲歲平安 Peace all year round/ 申訴權 right of petition/ 適銷對路的產品 readily marketable products / 適者生存 survival of the fittest/ 申辦奧運會 bid for the Olympic Games / 適度從緊的財政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy / 上馬 start a project/ 上門服務 door-to-door service / 上新臺階 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development/ 上市 to be listed / 上市公司 listed companies / 上山下鄉 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas / 送溫暖工程 heart-warming project/ 身外之物 worldly possessions/ 商務旅游 business travel/ 身體素質 physique; physical constitution / 上網 to get on the Internet, surf the net / 上有天堂,下有蘇杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth." / 商業網點 commodity network/ 商業炒作 commercial speculation / 商業貸款 commercial loan/ 商業存在(服務貿易) commercial presence / 釋迦牟尼 Sakyamuni / 商品條碼 bar code / 商品房空置的現象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing / 商品化 commercialization/ 商品經濟 commodity economy/ 上崗 go to one's post; go on duty/ 上海五國第六次峰會 "the sixth summit of ""Shanghai Five"" " / 上海五國機制 the Shanghai Five mechanism / 上海合作組織 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) / 商檢局 Commodity Inspection Bureau / 深加工 deep processing; further processing/ 搜索引擎(計算機) search engine/ 神州行電話卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card / 收視率 audience ratings; television viewing / 審時度勢 size up the situation / 試用期 probationary period / 收盤價 closing price/ 視頻點播 video on demand (VOD)/ 試點工程 pilot project/ 試管嬰兒 test-tube baby/ 收購兼并 merger and acquisition / 生命銀行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use/ 授信貸款 credit extension loan / 授信額度 line of credit / 少數服從多數、下級服從上級、局部服從全體、全黨服從中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee " / 壽司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished/ 生物圈 biosphere/ 塞翁失馬,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing. / 生物恐怖主義 bioterrorism / 生態旅游 ecotourism/ 生態林 ecological forest/ 生態農業 environmental-friendly agriculture / 生意興隆 Business flourishes/ 所有權經營權分離 separate ownership from managerial authority/ 所得稅 income tax/ 售后服務 after-sale services / 三民主義 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen / 三連冠 three successive championships / 三來一補企業 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade." / 瘦肉精(鹽酸克倫特羅) clenobuterol hydrochloride/ 三權分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers/ 三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself." / 三下鄉 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers" / 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits " / 三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)" / 三維電影 three-dimensional movie / 三維動畫片 three-dimensional animation / 三峽工程 Three Gorges Project/ 三無企業 "three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)" / 受災群眾 people afflicted by a natural disaster / 受災地區 disaster-affected are / 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute/ 三農問題 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers/ 三八線 38th Parallel / 三八紅旗手 woman pace-setter / 三產 tertiary industry/ 三步走戰略 the three-step development strategy / 三大作風 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism) / 三廢(廢氣、廢水、廢渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)/ 三個有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards / 三個代表 three represents theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.) / 三高農業 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)/ 三好學生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health) / 升級換代 updating and upgrading (of products)/ 三角戀愛 love triangle / 三角債 chain debt / 三講教育(講學習、講政治、講正氣) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct) / 數據通信 data communication/ 三資企業(中外合資企業,中外合作企業,外商獨資企業) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China " / 三自原則 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation/ 數字地球 digital globe/ 三字經 three-character scripture / 隨行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions / 四書(《大學》、《中庸》、《論語》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)/ 四十不惑 Life begins at forty. / 涉外經濟 foreign-related business / 四項基本原則 "the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought" / 四有新人 "new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline" / 四大金剛 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas / 四個如何認識 (江澤民總書記在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作會議上發表的重要講話中,提出并精辟闡述了如何認識社會主義發展的歷史進程、如何認識資本主義發展的歷史進程、如何認識我國社會主義改革實踐過程對人們思想的影響、如何認識當今的國際環境和國際政治斗爭帶來的影響等當前直接影響干部群眾思想活動的重大問題.) "In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle." / 四個現代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)/ 四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings/ 手機入網費 mobile access fee / 手機入網費 initiation charges for mobile phone/ 省會 provincial capital / 散戶 retail / private investor / 刷卡,劃卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card / 桑拿浴 sauna / 圣戰(伊斯蘭教徒對異教徒的戰爭) jihad/ 甩賣 clearance sale; be on sale / 師兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice / 失戀 be disappointed in love; be jilted / 失學兒童 dropout / 掃盲 eliminate illiteracy/ 掃尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work / 掃黃,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications / 獅子座 Leo/ 施政綱領 administrative program/ 雙刃劍 double-edged sword / 雙向選擇 "two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market" / 雙向選擇 two-way choice (in employment practice)/ 雙學位 double degree/ 雙贏局面 win-win situation / 雙職工 man and wife both at work; working couple/ 雙重軌制 two-tier system ; double-track system  / 雙重國籍 dual nationality/ 森林覆蓋率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover/ 誰言寸草心,報得三春暉 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. " / 水土流失 soil erosion / 水下導彈 submarine-based missiles/ 水漲船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high./ 十一界三中全會 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party / 水墨畫 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting / 水貨 smuggled goods / 殺手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card / 時不我待 Time and tide wait for no man. / 殺雞用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel/ 剎住大吃大喝、公費旅游、鋪張浪費的奢侈之風 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses)/ 沙漠化 desertification/ 食品衛生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China / 沙塵暴 sand storm; dust storm / 實行股份制 enforce stockholding system / 實行國民待遇 grant the national treatment to / 實行計劃生育、控制人口數量、提高人口素質 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people / 實事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts / 實時達帳 real-time account settlement / 實體經濟 the real economy / 實現零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough" / 實現小康目標 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life / 實現中華民族偉大復興 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation / 說曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes./ 實話實說 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is / 實踐是檢驗真理的唯一標準 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth. / 碩博聯讀 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study / 思鄉曲 Nostalgia / 思想僵鐵 fossilized concept / 私人游資 mobile private capital/ 私人企業 private enterprise/ 私營企業 privately-run enterprise/ 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam/ 山不在高,有仙則名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; " / 司儀 MC (master of ceremonies) / 首期按揭 down-payment / 首次公開發行的股票 initial public offering (IPO) / 首創精神 pioneering spirit / 首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship) / 滲透、顛覆和分裂活動 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities/ 素質教育 education for all-around development / 樹立企業良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image / 夙敵 "arch-rival/ 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton / 《神曲》 Divine Comedy / 《生死抉擇》 Live or Die / 《三國演義》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms / 《水滸傳》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins / 《山海經》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers
        T/ 韜光養晦 hide one's capacities and bide one's time/ 題外話 digression; mention in passing/ 土地酸化 acidification/ 土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment / 土地使用權 land-use right/ 土地承包期 land contract period/ 提高農產品收購價格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products) / 提價 price hike/ 糖衣炮彈 sugar-coated bullets/ 托?荚 Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)/ 退耕還林還牧 convert the land for forestry and pasture/ 退耕還林還草 grain for green / 拖拉作風 dilatory style of work/ 拖欠工資 arrears of wage/ 天時、地利、人和 favorable climatic, geographical and human comditions; favorable objective adn subjective factors for success/ 天時,地利,人和 good timing, geographical convenience and good human relations/ 填鴨式教學 cramming method of teaching/ 天有不測風云 Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue/ 天賦人權 natural rights/ 脫手 release grip / 脫銷 out of stock/ 脫氧核糖核酸 deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)/ 脫貧致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity" / 脫產 be disengaged from work; divorce oneself from one's work/ 脫口秀 talk show / 逃稅 tax evasion/ 陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament) / 鴕鳥政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism/ 逃票 to sneak through without a ticket / 逃票者 ticket evader / 貼水 agio/ 鐵腕人物 strongman; iron-handed person/ 貼現率 discount market/ 貼現公司 discount house / 鐵血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister / 鐵飯碗 iron rice bowl / 鐵哥們 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend / 廳長 head of a department (under a provincial government) / 團身 bunch up the body / 體育彩票 sports lotteries/ 團隊精神 team spirit; esprit de corps / 體改委 commission for economic restructuring/ 團結就是力量 Unity is strength./ 唐老鴨 Donald Duck/ 替身演員 stunt man/woman; stand-in / 推廣科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements / 唐裝 Tang suit/ 唐裝 traditional Chinese garments (clothing)/ 討債公司 debt-collection company/ 停薪留職 retain one's position with one's salary suspended; obtain an indefinite leave of absence from one's work unit / 庭院經濟 courtyard economy/ 抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker / 臺灣是中國神圣領土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the inviolable territory of China./ 臺灣同胞 Taiwan compatriots/ 臺灣、香港、澳門保持原有的資本主義制度和生活方式長期不變 Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come./ 臺灣當局 the Taiwan authorities/ 通用汽車公司 General Motors Corporation (GM)/ 通票 through ticket/ 通存通兌 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank / 通關 be cleared by the customs/ 通貨升值 currency revaluation/ 通貨混合,雞尾酒式貨幣 currency cocktail / 通貨回籠 withdrawal of currency in circulation/ 通貨緊縮 deflation (of currency) / 太陽浴 sun bath; insolation/ 太平洋艦隊(美) Pacific Fleet/ 太空垃圾 space trash/ 太空步 moonwalk / 同類產品 like product / 同聲傳譯 simultaneous interpretation/ 同鄉會 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen / 同業拆借 inter-bank borrowing/ 同步衛星 geostationary satellilte/ 同等學力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification) / 同等學力申請碩士學位統考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree / 攤牌 put/lay one’s card on the table / 攤薄每股收益 diluted earning per share / 貪污腐化 corruption and degeneration/ 筒子樓 tube-shaped apartment / 統一市場 single market / 統一稅 "flat tax, consolidated tax" / 統一戰線 united front/ 統籌安排 comprehensive arrangement / 統籌兼顧 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall planning and all-round consideration / 偷稅漏稅 tax evasion / 偷稅、騙稅、逃稅、抗稅 "tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes " / 偷渡者 stowaway / 偷工減料 use inferior materials and turn out sub-standed products/ 投手 pitcher / 投訴中心 complaint center / 投標 bid for; tender for / 投機商號 bucket shop/ 投資主體 the investment subject / 投資風險 investment risk/ 投資環境 investment environment/ 頭寸松 credit ease/ 頭寸緊 credit crunch; fund shortage/ 頭號種子選手 No.1 seed (player); top seed / 透明度 transparency/ 談判的籌碼 bargain chip / 透過現象看本質 see through the appearance to perceive the essence / 探明儲量 verified deposits; verified reserves/ 探親外交 family-visit diplomacy; relative-visiting diplomacy/ 炭疽 anthrax/ 套利 arbitrage / 套期保值 hedge/ 特洛伊木馬 Trojan horse/ 特許稅 franchise tax / 特色電話機 feature phone / 跳蚤市場 flea market / 跳棋 Chinese chequers; Chinese draughts; halma / 特種債券 special bonds/ 特別行政區 special administrative region/ 特別提款權 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold / 跳槽 job-hopping / 跳槽者 job-hopper / 特技演員 stunt man; stand-in / 踢皮球 pass the buck/ 跆拳道 tae kwon do / “跳進黃河洗不清” "eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name " / 彈性外交 elastic diplomacy / 彈性工資 flexible pay / 調酒師 bartender
        W/ 衛冕世界冠軍 reigning world champion / 外賣 take-out / 外賣店 take-out restaurant / 外聯網(計算機) extranet/ 外貿單證員 vouching clerk/ 外貿自營權 power to engage in foreign trade/ 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET) / 衛星城 satellite town/ 衛星導航 satellilte navigation/ 外需 overseas market demand/ 溫室氣體 greenhouse gases/ 外稅局 foreign-related tax bureau / 外向型經濟 export-oriented economy / 外逃資本 flight capital/ 外灘(上海) The Bund / 外債 foreign debt; external debt/ 外企 foreign company/ 溫飽工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project / 溫飽工程 Adequate Food and Clothing Program/ 外層空間 outer space/ 歪風邪氣 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena/ 外匯儲備 foreign exchange reserve (forex reserve)/ 外匯管理局 Administration of Exchange Control / 外匯管制 foreign exchange control / 外交斡旋 diplomatic offices/ 外交庇護 diplomatic asylum/ 頑固分子 die-hard/ 問訊處 information office; inquiry desk / 穩定物價 stabilize prices/ 穩定壓倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority / 物流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials/ 物以類聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together./ 物業管理 estate management, property management / 物質文明 material progress/ 物質文明建設和精神文明建設一起抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress/ 物種起源 origin of species/ 物價局 Price Bureau / 我們在國際上說話是算數的 We always live up to our international commitments./ 王水 aqua regia / 萬維網(計算機) World Wide Web(WWW)/ 王儲,王太子 Crown Prince / 汪辜會談 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks) / 烏龍球 own goal/ 烏拉圭回合 Uruguay Round / 挖墻腳 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet / 往事如風 "The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past." / 污水處理 sewage treatment/ disposal/ 污染指數 pollution index/ 往返機票 return ticket; round-trip ticket/ 望子成龍 hold high hopes for one's child/ 屋漏又逢連陰雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours./ 屋頂花園 broof garden / 五保戶 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food, clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses)/ 五金化工 metals and chemicals / 五講四美三熱愛 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals. The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment. The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.)/ 文聯 literary federation / 文明街道 model community / 紋身 tattoo/ 文韜武略 military expertise; military strategy / 武俠小說 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel / 文化旅游 culture-oriented travel/ 文化產業 culture industry/ 文科 liberal arts / 微軟移動構想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives / 微軟公司 Micorsoft Corporation/ 危房 dilapidated building/ 違反合同 breach of contract/ 圍墾造田 enclose tideland for cultivation; reclaim land from marshes / 唯利是圖 draw water to one's mill / 唯一致命的弱點 Achilles' heel / 維護人權和不斷改善人權狀況 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation / 偽劣商品賠還法 lemon law / 偽君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing / 慰安婦 comfort woman/ 網絡攝象機 web cam / 網絡出版 online publishing / 網絡管理員 network administrator / 網絡化 networking / 網絡經濟 cybereconomy / 網絡恐怖主義 cyberterrorism / 網民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen / 網戀 online love affair / 網上沖浪 surf the Internet / 網上交易平臺 online trading platform / 網友 net friend / 網吧 Internet bar / 網蟲 netter; Internet geek / 網關 gateway / 無力償付的公司 insolvent corporation/ 無形資產 intangible assets / 無形資產 intangible assets; immaterial property/ 無人售票 self-service ticketing / 無繩來電顯示電話 ordless telephone with caller ID / 無土栽培 soil-less cultivation / 威武之師,文明之師 mighty force and civilized force/ 無息貸款 interest-free loan/ 無為而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference / 無線應用協議 WAP(wireless application protocol) / 無源雷達 passive radar/ 無源之水,無本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots/ 無中生有 make/create something out of nothing / 無風不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire./ 無氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator  / 無公害蔬菜 "green" vegetable/ 業主 home owner / 《圍城》 A Surrounded City
        X/ (翻譯)信、達、雅 "faithfulness, expressiveness and taste" / 徇私舞弊 bend the law for personal gain and engage in fraud/ 徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends / 新秀 "up-and-coming star, rising star" / 新新人類 New Human Being;X Generation / 新興市場 emerging market/ 新石器時代 the Neolithic Age; New Stone Age' / 新寵 new favorite / 新的經濟增長點 new point for/ sources of economic growth/ 新干線 "the Shinkansen, bullet train" / 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean / 新婚市場(指買賣興旺的市場) bridal market/ 星球大戰計劃 Star Wars Program/ 星期日泰晤士報 the Sunday Times / 星火計劃 Spark Program/ 行使否決權 exercise the veto/ 行頭 theatrical costumes (and paraphernalia)/ 行政審批制度 administrative approval system / 行政訴訟 administrative proceedings/ 虛心使人進步,驕傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward, whereas conceit makes one lag behind./ 虛擬網 virtual net / 虛擬銀行 virtual bank/ 虛擬存款 window-dressing deposits/ 虛開增值稅發票 write false value added tax invoices / 蓄勢而發 accumulate strength for a take-off/ 形式主義 formalism / 形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand / 形成全方位、多層次、寬領域的開放格局 form an all-directional, multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern/ 形而上學 metaphysics / 刑法 penal code; criminal law/ 許可證制度 license granting mechanisms/ 性別歧視 sexual/gender discrimination/ 性價比 cost performance / 懸而未決的問題 outstanding question/ 信息產業部電信管理局 Telecommunication Management Bureau of Ministry of Information Industry / 信息革命 information revolution/ 信息港 inforport; cyber port / 信息高速公路 information superhighway/ 信息高地 information highland/ 信息含量 information content/ 信息化 informationize / 信息檢索 information retrieval/ 信用文化 credit culture / 信用危機 credit crisis / 信用緊縮 credit crunch / 信貸支持 credit aid / 信得過產品 trustworthy product/ 心理素質 psychological quality / 心心相印, 精神感應 telesthesia/ 心想事成 May all your wish come true/ 心照不宣 have a tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding/ 小型核武器 Mini-nukes/ 小農經濟 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming / 小道消息 hearsay/ 小而全 small and all-inclusive/ 小金庫 a private coffer/ 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity / 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family / 校訓 school motto / 校園文化 campus culture/ 效率優先,兼顧公平 give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness/ 效益農業 profitable agriculture / 效益工資 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits / 邪教 heathendom/ 斜拉索橋 stayed-cable bridge / 寫真集 photo album / 香榭里舍大街 avenue des champs-elyses/ 下網 off line / 下游行業 downstream industry / 下載(計算機) downloading/ 香波 shampoo/ 下放權力給 delegating the management of ... (to ...) / 香格里拉 Shangri-la / 香港明天更好基金會 Better Hong Kong Foundation/ 香港特別行政區 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR)/ 下崗職工 laid-off workers / 下海 plunge into the commercial sea / 鄉統籌,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve/ 鄉鎮企業 township enterprises/ 閑散資金 scattered funds/ 先入為主 First impressions are firmly entrenched./ 先下手為強 catch the ball before the bound/ 享樂主義 hedonism/ 項目立項 approve and initiate a project / 項目申報 project application / 項目預算 project budget / 項目支持 project support / 像熱鍋上的螞蟻 like an ant on a hot pan/ 向錢看 "mammonism, put money above all" / 險勝 "cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out" / 嫌貧愛富 despise the poor and curry favor with the rich/ 銷售景氣指數 sales index/ 銷項稅 output tax/ 消費信貸 consumer credit services / 消費稅 consumption tax / 消費者協會 consumers' association / 消費者權益日 International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests / 消費者物價指數 consumer price index / 消費結構 pattern of consumption/ 吸收游資 absorb idle fund / 吸收存款 deposit taking/ 吸取世界文明成果 assimilate the achievements of civilzations the world over / 宵夜 a stoke of midnight / 夏至 Summer Solstice/ 現身說法 warn people by taking oneself as an example/ 現場直播 live broadcast / 現代企業制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system / 現貨交易 cash market transactions; spot transactions/ 現金流量 cash flow/ 稀缺經濟 scarcity economy/ 息事寧人 pour oil on troubled waters / 希望工程 Hope Project / 夕陽產業 sunset industry/ 喜憂參半 mingled hope and fear / 洗禮 baptism/ 洗錢 money laundering / 細菌戰 germ war/ 縣改市 county upgraded to city / 縣級市 county-level city / 限制戰略武器會談 strategic arms limitation talks( SALT)/ 線下商貿運作 offline business operation / 西氣東輸 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China; West-East natural gas transmission project/ 西部大開發 Western Development/ 西電東送 transmit the electricity from the western areas to East China; West-East electricity transmission project/ 削減戰略核武器會談 strategic arms reduction talks (START) / 選美 beauty contest/ 選舉人票 electoral vote / 選舉人制 electoral system / 選舉權和被選舉權 the right to vote and the right to be elected / 學歷教育 education with record of formal schooling / 學生處 students' affairs division / 學生減負 alleviate the burden on students / 學時 credit hours/ 學而優則仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career / 學分 credit points/ 熏青魚,轉移注意力的話,證券說明書,證券銷售書 a red herring / 循序漸進 step by step/ 尋呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers / 尋呼臺 paging centers / 巡航導彈 cruise missile/ 巡回招聘 milk round / 巡回醫療 medical tour/ 《信息技術協議》 ITA (Information Technology Agreement) / 《西行漫記》 Red Star over China / 《西廂記》 The Romance of West Chamber / 《西游記》 Pilgrimage to the West; Journey to the West
        Y/ (領導人)與民眾的直接對話 town hall conference/meeting / (祝愿…)一路平安,一路順風 speed somebody on their way; speed the parting guest / 鷸蚌相爭,漁人得利 "when the snip and the calm grapple, it is the fisherman who stands to benefit; two dogs strive for a bone, and a third runs away with it" / 瑜迦 Yoga/ 亞太經合組織領導人非正式會議 IAELM (Informal APEC Economic Leaders' Meetings) / 亞太經合組織部長級會議 AMM (APEC MinisteriaI Meeting) / 亞太經合組織工商咨詢理事會會議 ABAC Meeting (APEC Business Advisory Council Meeting) / 亞太經合組織經濟領導人會議 AELM (APEC Economic Leaders Meeting) / 亞太經濟合作組織 APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)/ 亞洲金融危機 financial crisis in Asia/ 亞洲開發銀行 ADB(Asian Development Bank )/ 亞健康 subhealthy / 研究生畢業證/學位證 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma / 研究生成績考試(美) Graduate Record Examination (GRE)/ 研究成果 research results / 嚴以律己,寬以待人 be strict with oneself and lenient towards others/ 嚴打措施 "Strike-Hard"" drive " / 嚴打斗爭 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities" / 言情小說 romantic fiction; sentimental novel / 羊肉串小攤 barbecue stall / 洋務運動 Westernization Movement/ 陽春(最經濟方式) no-frills / 眼前利益服從長遠利益,局部利益服從整體利益,個人和集體利益服從國家利益 subordinate immediate interests to long-term interests, partial interests to overall interests and the interests of individuals and collectives to those of the state/ 演繹版 demo/ 壓水花技術 rip entry / 壓線(口令) Line! / 壓軸戲 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program / 鴉片戰爭 Opium War/ 養老保險 endowment insurance / 養老金 pension / 養路費 road toll / 沿海經濟開發區 open coastal economic area/ 魚米之鄉 a land of milk and honey/ 伊斯蘭抵抗運動,簡稱 Hamas/ 意外風險 emergency risk; unknown risk/ 意向書 letter of intent/ 意大利粉 spaghetti/ 依法治國 manage state affairs according to law; run state affairs according to law/ 永久正常貿易關系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR) / 憂患意識 awareness of unexpected development; being prepared for unexpected development; being prepared for any eventualities/ 溢價 premium / 溢價發行債券(以超過票面金額價發行債券) issue of bonds at a premium/ 有理,有利,有節 on just grounds, to one's advantage and with restraint; with good reason, with advantage and with restraint/ 有理想、有道德、有文化、有紀律 "with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline" / 有情人終成眷屬 "Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well." / 有錢能使鬼推磨 Money makes the mare go. Money talks./ 有識之士 people of vision/ 有望奪金者 a gold medal hopeful / 有勇無謀 use brawn rather than brain / 有緣千里來相會 Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination./ 有戰斗力、有說服力、有吸引力的思想工作隊伍 a contingent of militant ideological workers able to persuade and act as a magnet for others/ 有中國特色的社會主義民主政治 a socilalist democracy with Chinese characteristics/ 有中國特色的社會主義道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics/ 有法可依,有法必依,執法必嚴,違法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and lawbreakers must be prosecuted./ 有個奔頭 have something to look forward to; have somehthing to expect/ 有機農業 organic agriculture/ 運球 dribble / 與時俱進 advance with times/ 運載火箭 carrier rocket/ 議案 bill/ 郵遞協議 Post Office Protocol (POP) / 與國際市場接軌 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market / 與國際慣例接軌 become compatible with internationally accepted practices/ 游樂場過山車 roller coaster/ 猶太人定居點 Jewish settlement/ 語音識別 speech recognition/ 暈菜 numbed; dumbfounded / 異地資金匯劃 fund remittance between different places / 游資 idle money / fund; floating capital/ 友好城市 sister cities / 以......為龍頭 with...as the leading role/ 以理服人 persuade through reasoning/ 域名(計算機) domain name (DN)/ 以市場為導向 market-oriented / 以人為本 people oriented; people foremost / 以上海浦東開發開放為龍頭,進一步開放長江沿岸城市 open more cities along the Yangtze River, while concentrating on the development and opening of the Pudong Area of Shanghai/ 以身作則,廉潔奉公 set a good example and perform duties honestly/ 以權謀私 abuse of power for personal gains / 因特網服務提供者 Internet service provider (ISP)/ 以眼還眼,以牙還牙 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth/ 以謀略制勝 outmaneuver / 音頻點播 AOD (audio-on-demand) / 以質量求生存、求發展、求效益 "strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of quality" / 以質量求發展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products / 以產定人,減員增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and increase efficiency while reducing the staff/ 因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude / 因地制宜,因時制宜,因事制宜,因人制宜 suit our measures to differing conditions in terms of locality, time, issue and persons involved/ 因地制宜,合理分工,各展所長,優勢互補,共同發展的原則 proceed in the light of local conditions and in accordance with a rational division of labor, with all the regions exploiting their own parricular advantages for mutual benefit and development/ 以訛傳訛 incorrectly relay an erroneous message/ 以法治國,以德治國 to govern the country with law and moral/ 因果報應 karma/ 以公有制為主體,多種經濟成分共同發展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side / 以經濟建設為中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction / 以空間換取時間 trade space for time/ 以資證明 in witness whereof; in testimony thereof/ 欲窮千里目,更上一層樓 "to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight." / 欲速則不達 Haste does not bring success. / 育齡婦女 women of child-bearing age/ 引渡 extradite/ 引進技術 introduction of foreign talents; import of foreign talents/ 優勢互補 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages / 優勝劣汰 survival of the fittest / 義務兵役制 "compulsory military service, conscription" / 義務教育 compulsory education / 義演 benefit performance; charity performance/ 義演收入 proceeds from benefit performance / 優質名牌商品 famous-brand, quality products/ 遺傳工程 genetic engineering/ 義和團運動 Boxer Uprising / 優惠貸款 loans on favorable terms/ 優化結構 optimize structure / 優化經濟結構 optimize the economic structure/ 優化資源配置 optimize the allocation of resources/ 優化組合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping / 移動通訊 mobile communication/ 移動電話雙向收費 two-way charges for cellular phones / 搖錢樹 cash cow / 搖頭丸 dancing outreach / 印花稅 stamp duty / tax/ 英雄所見略同 Great minds think alike./ 英國文化委員會 British Council of Culture / 預算外收入 extra-budgetary revenue/ 預算外支出 off-budget expenditure/ 預期壽命 life expectancy/ 嬰兒死亡率 infant mortality rate/ 預防為主,誰污染誰治理和強化環境管理三大政策 three major principles for environment control: to put prevention first, to hold those who cause pollution responsible for cleaning up and to improve environmental protection and management/ 應試教育 examination-oriented education system / 應屆畢業生 this year's graduates / 藥物檢查 "dope control, drug testing" / 冤家宜解不宜結 Better make friends than make enemies./ 冤假錯案 "cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases" / 營銷管理 marketing management/ 元宵節 Lantern Festival / 營養不良 malnutrition/ 營業稅 turnover tax; business tax / 原始資本 original capital/ 原油 crude oil/ 原產地保護 protection of place of origin/ 贏利能力 profitability/ 援藏干部 cadres sent to support/aid Tibet / 野生動物園 wildlife park; safari park / 影子內閣 shadow cabinet/ 硬通貨 hard currency/ 硬道理 "absolute principle, top priority" / 圓寂 Parinirvana / 圓桌會議 round-table conference/ 業內人士 insider / 緣分 chemical, (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together / 遠期合同 forward contract / 遠程辦公的員工 telecommuting workers / 遠程教育 distance learning / 遠景規劃 perspective long-term plan/ 遠景計劃 long-term development targets / 液晶顯示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD) / 一攬子(計劃) one-package (plan) / 一攬子購買 lump-sum purchase; basket purchase/ 一切向錢看 money-oriented/ 一手抓物質文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓經濟建設,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革開放,一手抓打擊犯罪懲治腐敗 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption. / 一式兩聯 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate / 一線員工 worker at the production line / 一言既出,駟馬難追 A real man never goes back on his words. / 一支接一支不停地抽煙 chain smoke / 一次性解決問題 solve the problem once and for all / 一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks / 一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature / 一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility / 一帆風順 Wishing you every success/ 一方有難,八方支援 When disaster struck, help came from all sides./ 一個中心,兩個基本點 one central task, two basic points/ 一國兩制 "One country, two systems" / 一級市場 primary market / 醫療制度改革 reform of the medicare system / 醫療保險 medical insurance / 越境污染 trans-frontier pollution/ 躍居世界前列(產量) (output) leap into the front ranks of the world/ 易拉罐 pop can / 幼稚產業 infant industries/ 幼稚工業 infant industry/ 易爆發戰爭的地區 war-prone areas/ 銀行網點 bank outlets / 銀彈外交 money diplomacy; dollar diplomacy; "silver bullet" diplomacy/ 隱形牧人 invisible income; off-payroll income/ 隱形飛機 stealth aircraft / 隱形轟炸機 stealth bomber/ 隱性收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money / 隱性失業 recessive unemployment/ 隱性就業 unregistered employment / 輿論導向 direction of public opinion / 輿論監督 supervision by public opinion / 薏米 seed of Job's tears / (重要而難懂的)專門術語 buzzword ; jargon
        Z/ (爭端解決)專家組 panel / (各州推選組成的)總統選舉團 electoral college / (股票的)中簽 win the lot for IPO/ (股票的)中簽率 lot winning rate / 糟粕 dross / 漲落線 advance balance line / 早戀 puppy love / 早市 morning session / 招商引資 attract/bid for/invite investments (from overseas) / 責任編輯 editor in charge/ 招商局 China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. (China Merchants) / 招生就業指導辦公室 enrolment and vocation guidance office / 招標 invite a bid / 招標投標制 the system of public bidding for project / 招財進寶 Money and treasures will be plentiful/ 招股說明書 prospectus / 噪聲治理 noise abatement/ 造林運動 afforestation drive (campaign)/ 造假帳 falsified accounts / 振興中華 make China powerful and strong; revitalize the Chinese nation/ 振興經濟 revitalize the economy/ 在途資金 fund in float/ 在線(計算機) on-line/ 在線網上書店 online bookstore/ 爭議地區 disputed area/ 折衷方案 a compromise proposal/ 在職研究生 on-job postgraduates/ 在職博士生 on-job doctorate / 再貸款 re-lending; subloan / 爭端解決機構 dispute settlement body / 在孵(孵化器)企業 incubated enterprises (incubator) / 折舊費 depreciation charge/ 再就業服務中心 re-employment service center / 再就業工程 re-employment project / program/ 在字面上兜圈子 festoons of words/ 正式照會 formal note / 正氣 uprightness; integrity; probity; rectitude/ 渣打銀行 The Chartered Bank/ 掌上電腦 palm computer / 真善美 the true, the good and the beautiful; truth, good and beauty / 珍稀瀕危植物 rare or endangered species/ 珍愛之人或物 apple of one's eyes / 真空包裝 vacuum packing / 災民 flood victims; flood-stricken people/ 增強人民體質 build up people's health/ 增值稅 value added tax(VAT)/ 增發股票 increase issues in stocks / 增加信任,減少麻煩,發展合作,不搞對抗 enhance trust, reduce trouble, develop cooperation and avoid confrontation/ 齋月(伊斯蘭教) Ramadan/ month of fast/ 債臺高筑 become debt-ridden/ 債轉股 debt-to-equity swap / 沾光 benefit from one's association / 占便宜 profit at others' expense/ 占著茅坑不拉屎 be a dog in the manger/ 戰略防御計劃 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)/ 戰略伙伴關系 strategic partnership / 戰俘 prisoner of war (POW)/ 戰俘營 prisoner-of-war (POW) camp/ 戰斧式巡航導彈 Tomahawk cruise missile/ 站臺票 platform ticket / 站票 standing-room-only ticket / 站得住腳 hold water/ 宰人 rip off / 宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers / 載人衛星 manned satellite/ 政務公開 make government affairs public / 政企不分 without a clear line between the functions of the government and enterprises; the functions of the government and enterprises mixed up / 政企分開 separate government functions from enterprise management / 政治協商、民主監督、參政議政 exercise political consultation and democratic supervision and participate in deliberating and administration of state affairs / 政治體制改革 political restructuring/ 政治迫害 political prosecution; witch hunt / 政治合格,軍事過硬,作風優良, 紀律嚴明,保障有力 "be qualified politically and competent militarily, have a fine style of work, maintain strict discipline and be assured of adequate logistical support" / 政策性貸款 policy-based lending; policy-related loan/ 政策性虧損 policy-related losses; losses incurred due to policy decisions/ 政策性住房 "policy-related house, policy-based house" / 政策銀行 policy banks/ 政策組合 policy mix/ 政法委 politics and law committee / 政改方案(英國對香港) constitutional package/ 政府廉潔高效 a clean and efficient government/ 政府上網工程 Government Online Project / 政府貼息貸款 discount government loans/ 政府特殊津貼獲得者 winner of special government allowance/ 政府職能轉變 transform/shift the government functions / 政府采購 government procurement / 政府搭臺,部門推動,企業唱戲 "Governments set up the stage, various departments cooperate and enterprise put in the show. " / 政府干預 government intervention/ 贓款贓物 proceeds of crime/ 致命要害 Achilles' heel / 擲錢猜先 toss / 智力引進 recruit / introduce (foreign) talents/ 智力支持 intellectual support/ 智商 intelligence quotient (IQ)/ 智囊團、思想庫 the brain trust;think tank / 中美戰略核武器互不瞄準對方 non-targeting strategic nuclear weapons against each other/ 中立國 neutralized state/ 中流砥柱 mainstay; chief cornerstone/ 中型商用飛機 mid-size G200 business jets / 中心環節 key link/ 中日友好四項原則: 和平友好,平等互利,互相信賴,長期穩定 The four principles of Sino-Japanese friendship: peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, mutual trust, and long-term stability/ 中式快餐 Chinese fast food/ 中山裝 Chinese tunic suit/ 中文信息處理系統 Chinese information processing system/ 中央領導集體 central collective leadership/ 中央商務區 central business district (CBD) / 中央統戰部 United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee / 中央大型企業工委 Central Work Committee for Large Enterprises / 中央國家機關 China's State organs / 中央紀律檢查委員會 Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the CPC / 中央經濟工作會議 the Central Economic Working Conference / 中央綜治委“嚴打”整治斗爭檢查組 Strike-hard Campaign Inspection Group of Central Committee for Comprehensive Management of Public Security. / 中藥 traditional Chinese medicine/ 中程導彈 intermediate-range missile; medium-range missile/ 中東和平進程 the Middle East peace process/ 中國新聞出版報社 China Press and Publication News / 中國新經濟峰會 China New Economy Summit / 中國預防醫學科學院 the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine/ 中國證監會 China's Securities Regulatory Commission / 中國出口商品交易會(廣交會) China Export Commodities Fair (Guangzhou Fair)/ 中國工程院 the Chinese Academy of Engineering/ 中國結 Chinese knot/ 中國經濟景氣監測中心 China Economic Monitoring Center / 中關村科技園區 Zhongguancun Science and Technology Park / 中華世紀壇 China Millennium Monument / 中華人民共和國漁政漁港監督管理局 Administration of Fishery and Fishing Harbor Supervision of the PRC / 中華醫學會 Chinese Medical Association / 中介 intermediary agent / 中專生 secondary specialized or technical school student / 質量認證體系認證證書 certificate of the system of quality certification / 質量守恒定律 law of conservation of mass/ 質量管理 quality control/ 珠穆朗瑪峰 Mount Qomolangma/ 治理整頓 improve the environment and rectify the order; improvement and rectification/ 滯銷商品 unmarketable goods/ 滯后影響 lagged effect/ 終身職務制 life-long tenure/ 終審權 right of adjudication; right of giving final approval/ 終點控制區 terminal control area/ 終端服務器 terminal server/ 眾矢之的 target of public criticism/ 助跑 "approach run, run-up" / 眾口難調 It is difficult to cater to all tastes.; One man's meat is another man's poison. / 制止外匯流失 prevent foreign exchange flight/ 制海權 command of the sea/ 制空權 air space control; air supremacy; command of the air; air mastery; air domination/ 種植業 crop farming/ 證券營業部 stock exchange; security exchange / 證券化 securitisation / 證券監督管理委員會 securities supervision commission/ 支原體 mycoplasma / 支柱產業 pillar / cornerstone industry/ 支付能力 payment capacity/ 知識密集 knowledge-intensive/ 知識產權 intellectual property / 知識就是力量 Knowledge is power./ 知識經濟 knowledge-based economy/ 知識經濟 knowledge economy , knowledge-base economy / 知識轉讓 transfer of knowledge/ 知己知彼,百戰不殆 Know the enemy and know yourself, and you can fight a hundred battles with no danger of defeat./ 職務犯罪 crime by taking advantage of duty / 職業培訓 job training/ 職業高中(職高) vocational high school / 職業介紹所 career service center; job center/ 職業經理人 professional manager / 職能轉換 transformation of functions/ 職稱 professional title / 直銷 direct marketing; door-to-door sale/ 直轄市 municipality directly under the Central Government / 直播 "live broadcast, live telecast" / 直接三通與雙向交流 three direct links (mail, air and shipping services and trade) and bilateral exchanges/ 直接選舉 direct election/ 植物人 human vegetable; vegetable / 植物群落 plant community/ 執法人員 law enforcement officials; law-executor; law enforcer/ 只讀存儲器 read-only-memory (ROM)/ 紙上談兵 be an armchair strategist/ 紙包不住火 Truth will come to light sooner or later./ 重點發展 prioritize / 重合同,守信用 abide by contracts and keep one's words/ 重合同、守信用的原則 the principle of equality and mutual benefit and “honoring contracts adn standing by reputation“/ 洲際彈道導彈 intercontinental ballistic missiles / 主渠道 main channel/ 主體思想 (DPRK) Juche Idea / 主體經濟 the mainstay of the economy / 主頁 home page/ 主板市場 main board of the stock market / 主持人 anchorperson / 《中美三個聯合公報》 The Three Sino-US Joint Communiqué / 《中華人民共和國消費者權益保護法》 Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumers' Rights and Interests / 《資治通鑒》 History as a Mirror / (美國)中下層南方共和黨人 pickup-truck Republican / (農產品)綜合支持量 AMS (Aggregate Measurement of Support) / 藏學 Tibetology / 朝陽產業 sunrise industry / 組委會 organizing committee/ 資源優化配置 most optimum distribution of resources/ 資源配置 the distribution (allocation) of resources / 資本利潤率 rate of return on capital / 資本外逃 capital flight/ 資本額過多 overcapalisation / 資產重組 reorganized assets; assets reorganization/ 資產剝離 peel off (bad) assets of a company / 資產保值增值 maintain and increase the value of assets; maintenance and appreciation of assets value / 資產調控 assets control / 資產負債表 balance sheet / 資產階級自由化 bourgeois liberalization / 資不抵債 insolvency/ 資金到位 fully funded (project)/ 資金匯劃 fund remittance and transfer / 資金劃撥 capital allocation / 最終用戶 end user/ 最不發達國家 LDCs (Least-developed countries) / 最初談判權(初談權) INRs (Initial Negotiating Rights) / 最低生活保證制度 system for ensuring a minimum standard of living/ 最低工資保障制度 minimum wage guarantee system/ 最惠國待遇 most-favored-nation status/ 遵紀守法、廉潔奉公 observe the relevant code of conduct and the law and honestly perform one's official duties / 自律機制 the self-discipline system / 左傾 pinko / 自然保護區 natural reserve; nature preservation zone / 自然耗損 natural wearing / 自然資源保護區 natural resource protection areas/ 自我保護意識 self-protection awareness / 自學成才 become well-educated through self-study/ 自學考試 self-taught examination / 自由貿易區 free-trade zone/ 自由流通 free flow/ 自由職業者 professionals/ 自由港 free-trade port,free port / 自由競爭 free competition/ 左右為難 between the devil and the deep blue sea; between the rock and the hard place/ 自營 self-run / 自營性存款 self-operating deposit / 自治權 right ti autonomy; autonomy/ 自助銀行 self-help bank / 自主經營,自負盈虧 make one's own management decisions and take full responsibility for one's own profits and losses/ 自動柜員機 automatic teller machine (ATM) / 自費留學 go to study abroad at one's own expense / 自發罷工,野貓式罷工(未經工會批準的罷工) wildcat strikes / 自足經濟 self-sufficient economy/ 自作自受 stew in one’s own juice / 綜合授信 comprehensive credit line / 綜合整治 comprehensive improvement/ 綜合業務數字網 integrated service digital network (ISDN) / 綜合治理 comprehensive treatment / 綜合指數 composite index / 綜合國力 comprehensive national strength / 綜合經濟效益 overall economic efficiency; composite economic results/ 總裁助理 assistant president / 總經理負責制 general manager responsibility system / 祖傳 handed down from one's ancestors/ 祖國和平統一大業 peaceful reunification of the motherland/ 住宅小區 residence community / 住房零首付 zero-yuan first payment (for apartments) / 住房分配貨幣化進程 capitalization process of housing distribution/allocation / 注冊會計師 certificated public accountant (CPA)/ 注冊資本 registered capital/ 駐港部隊 People's Liberation Army garrison in Hong Kong / 抓大放小 to invigorate large enterprises while relaxing control over small ones; focus on the restructuring of major enterprises and leave minor ones to fend for themselves / 抓大放小,三改一加強 (Efforts were focused on) the reform, reorganization, upgrading and better management of enterprises, aiming at well managing large enterprises while adopting more flexible policies toward small ones/ 抓住機遇 seize the opportunity / 抓住機遇,深化改革,擴大開放,促進發展,保持穩定 seize the current opportunity, deepen the reform, open China wider to the outside world, promote development and maintain stability/ 專賣店 exclusive agency; franchised store / 專門人才 professional personnel; special talents/ 專門的營銷機構 market boards / 專屬經濟區 exclusive economic zone/ 專升本 upgrade from junior college student to university student; students with the diploma of junior college try to obtain the undergraduate diplomat through self-taught study / 專題報道 special coverage/ 專業化分工 division of labor based on specialization/ 專業化經營 specialized operation/ 專訪 exclusive interview/ 轉世靈童 reincarnated soul boy/ 轉體 truck rotation, turn, twist / 轉業 transferred to civilian work/ 轉軌 transfer to a different track; retracking/ 轉軌經濟 economies in transition; transition economy/ 轉基因生物 GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) / 轉基因食品 GM food (genetically modified food) / 轉化機制 (of State-owned enterprises) to shift to new management mechanisms / 撞線 breast the tape / 追星族 star fan; groupie/ 追平 produce the equalizer / 追潮族 fashion follower/ 追車族 auto fan/ 追趕型和跨越式發展 pursuant and leap-forward development / 追究責任 call to account; ascertain where the responsibility lies / 準上市公司 pro-listed companies / 準備金 reserve fund; capital reserves/ 準博士 all but dissertation (ABD) / 走上良性發展的軌道 going on the track of sound progress / 走穴 "(actors, singers, etc.) perform for outside salary income without approval by the unit they belong to " / 走過場 go through the motions/ 走后門 get in by the back door

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